Body Pain

Body Pain

What is Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS)?

Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is pain and inflammation in the musculoskeletal system (referred to by most people as “Muscle Pain”). Muscle pain affects everyone at one point or another in their lifetime, however, most often choose to ignore it. However, without proper treatment, MPS becomes a persistent, chronic pain disorder that can disrupt your everyday life.

Myofascial pain syndrome is an underdiagnosed and overlooked condition. It might be mistaken for a problem with your nerves, bones, ligaments or tendons — but it’s not. It’s a problem involving your muscles. There are no tests — no imaging tests, laboratory tests, blood tests, electromyography, or muscle biopsy — that can diagnose myofascial pain syndrome. In addition, there are no visible signs, such as redness, swelling or unusual muscle warmth. In short, myofascial pain syndrome is pain and inflammation of the body’s soft tissues.

The best method your healthcare provider, or the professionals at BPC, can offer to detect this syndrome is to physically examine your muscles — to feel for the taut bands of muscles and then find the exact spots of tenderness. Finding and applying pressure to a trigger point will result in minor pain, felt at the immediate spot or in an area a short distance away (referred pain). Using this technique allows for diagnosis with a minimum amount of discomfort.

The common causes for body pain could be from the following activities:
Poor Posture
Lack of Sleep
Lack of Mobility
Emotional Factors
Tension Headaches

Causes and disturbances in your everyday life

  • Repetitive strain injury – repeatedly doing the same movement, e.g. typing on your keyboard or phone too much.
  • Lack of activity or exercise – sitting for long periods at work, not getting up or walking around enough.
  • Lack of sleep – MPS will lead to pain in several areas of the body, so a turn in the wrong direction, falling asleep on one arm now becomes a painful daily activity.
  • Poor posture – when your joints, muscles, and vertebrae are not in their natural position, this causes a build up of pressure in the tissues, leading to MPS. Examples include sitting up incorrectly, slouching with shoulders hunched forward, carrying something heavy on one side, holding a phone between the neck and shoulder.
  • Emotional factors – including stress, depression or anxiety. If you frequently experience stress or anxiety, it can lead to trigger points in the muscle leading to MPS.
  • Diet – not getting enough essential vitamins and minerals, often contributes to and exacerbates MPS.
  • Tension headaches – MPS, left untreated, causes tension, as well as headaches, without the patient realizing where the pain comes from. Trigger points build up, and over time will affect the brain, resulting in headaches.

Scientific reasons for the pain

  • Local twitch response — a muscle spasm resulting from pressure or contact with the affected muscle; your muscles then contract involuntarily.
  • Trigger points — tight “knots” in muscles that cause intense localized and referred pain and local twitch response when pressed. You know you have a tight knot when it hurts where you press. There are 4 types of trigger points:
    • An active trigger point typically lies within a muscle and pressure applied to it results in local or regional pain.
    • A latent trigger point has the potential to be active, but is dormant.
    • A secondary trigger point is located in a muscle other than the one that holds the active trigger point. It may or may not be irritated at the same time as the active trigger point.
    • A satellite trigger point is one that becomes inactive because it overlaps with the region of another trigger point.

BPC’s 4 step process was established by our team of expert physiotherapists to best guide you through a successful recovery while empowering patients to take charge of their health through our personalized exercise program.

Road To Recovery

The first step in recovering is to take away instant pain. We will use our state of the art machines including ultra sound, laser and shockwave machines to take away your discomfort and pain that your muscles are experiencing. This will then allow your body the ability to relax, to be able to get back to its full function.

RELAX Muscle

Using manual therapy, our therapists will use their ‘hands on’ clinical massage to loosen and improve the mobility of the joints, soft tissues and nerves. This will unbind your tense muscles and eventually provide the mobility leading to increased range of motion.

RANGE Increase

Once your muscles are loosened, our therapists will work on increasing your range of motion which will allow the no longer painful joint or muscle to extend closer to its full range. Doing this with our therapists involves moving in the correct direction, speed and technique to prevent any further complications. While you get stronger, it will lead to our recovery phase of exercising.


To complete the process, we will work on the correct form technique, and exercises with you to make sure that your pains and complications do not return, so that you can live a healthier and happier life, physically and mentally, spending more time with your loved ones.

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